Basic Website Layout for Blogs in Css | no Js | Full Responsive

Introduction: In this blog post, we’ll explore the fundamental elements of creating a simple blog website using HTML and CSS. We’ll break down the code step by step, explaining each part in the simplest terms possible, making it easy for beginners to understand.

HTML Structure: Let’s start with the HTML structure of our blog website. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language for creating web pages. It provides the structure and content of the webpage. Here’s a breakdown of the HTML code:

  • <!DOCTYPE html>: This declaration specifies the document type and version of HTML being used.
  • <html lang=”en”>: This tag defines the root element of the HTML document and specifies the language of the content (in this case, English).
  • <head>: This section contains metadata about the document, such as the character set, viewport settings, and the title of the page.
  • <meta charset=”UTF-8″>: This meta tag specifies the character encoding for the document (UTF-8, which supports a wide range of characters).
  • <meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0″>: This meta tag sets the viewport properties to control the page’s dimensions and scaling on different devices.
  • <title>: This tag defines the title of the webpage, which appears in the browser’s title bar or tab.
  • <style>: This tag contains CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) code for styling the HTML elements.
  • <body>: This section contains the visible content of the webpage, including the header, navigation, blog posts, and footer.

CSS Styling: CSS is used to style the HTML elements and make the webpage visually appealing. Let’s break down the CSS code used in our blog website:

  • body: Sets the font family, margin, padding, and background color for the entire webpage.
  • header: Styles the header section, including background color, text color, and padding.
  • nav: Styles the navigation bar, including background color, text color, and padding.
  • nav a: Styles the navigation links, setting the color and removing the underline.
  • .container: Styles the main content container, setting the maximum width, margin, padding, and overflow properties.
  • .post: Styles each individual blog post, including background color, margin, padding, border radius, and box shadow.
  • footer: Styles the footer section, including background color, text color, text alignment, padding, and fixed positioning at the bottom of the page.
  • @media: Uses media queries to apply specific CSS rules based on the device’s screen width. In this case, it adjusts the padding of the container for screens with a maximum width of 768 pixels.
 <!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>My Blog</title>
    <style>
        body {
            font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
            margin: 0;
            padding: 0;
            background-color: #f4f4f4;
        }

        header {
            background-color: #333;
            color: #fff;
            padding: 20px;
            text-align: center;
        }

        nav {
            background-color: #666;
            color: #fff;
            padding: 10px;
            text-align: center;
        }

        nav a {
            color: #fff;
            text-decoration: none;
            margin: 0 10px;
        }

        .container {
            max-width: 960px;
            margin: 20px auto;
            padding: 0 20px;
            overflow: hidden;
        }

        .post {
            background-color: #fff;
            margin-bottom: 20px;
            padding: 20px;
            border-radius: 5px;
            box-shadow: 0 0 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
        }

        .post h2 {
            color: #333;
        }

        .post p {
            color: #666;
        }

        footer {
            background-color: #333;
            color: #fff;
            text-align: center;
            padding: 20px 0;
            position: fixed;
            width: 100%;
            bottom: 0;
        }

        @media only screen and (max-width: 768px) {
            .container {
                padding: 0 10px;
            }
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <header>
        <h1>My Blog</h1>
    </header>
    <nav>
        <a href="#">Home</a>
        <a href="#">About</a>
        <a href="#">Contact</a>
    </nav>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="post">
            <h2>Post Title</h2>
            <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nullam eget justo nec odio tristique placerat. Suspendisse potenti. Fusce auctor ex sit amet ante aliquet, vitae dictum eros dapibus.</p>
        </div>
        <div class="post">
            <h2>Post Title</h2>
            <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nullam eget justo nec odio tristique placerat. Suspendisse potenti. Fusce auctor ex sit amet ante aliquet, vitae dictum eros dapibus.</p>
        </div>
    </div>
    <footer>
        © 2024 My Blog
    </footer>
</body>
</html>


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